Normative Performance Profiles of College Aged Esport Athletes in a Pilot Studyby James Onate, Nathan Edwards*, Angela Emerson, Caleb Maymir, Sara Conroy
Received: 22 Apr 2021 / Published: 01 Apr 2023
Aims: This study aimed to holistically assess the physical and cognitive attributes of esport athletes.
Methods and Results: Forty-six adults between 18 and 32 years old with experience playing videogames were enrolled in this study. Participants completed assessments in five areas: demographics, self-report questionnaires, cognitive performance, physical performance, and gaming performance. Participants self-reported Overwatch ranking and physical activity participation (Pediatric Physical Activity Measure), and grip strength was measured with a handheld dynamometer. Seven domains of physical, mental, and social health and well-being were measured with the Patient Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS-29). The List Sorting Working Memory Test and Picture Sequence Memory Test from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Toolbox Cognition Batteries were used to measure cognitive performance. Finally, esports performance was measured using a series of tasks through Alienware Academy and AIM Booster to record accuracy, reaction time, and targets hit. Participants were separated into high and low ranking groups for comparisons. This sample of esport athletes was similar to the general population for grip strength, each of the PROMIS-29 metrics, the List Sorting Working Memory Test, and the Picture Sequence Memory Test. Reaction time was the variable with the only significant difference between ranking groups.
Conclusion: This study represents a primary investigation of esport athletes using a holistic approach. By incorporating physical and cognitive components, the most important factors to esport athletes’ health and performance can be better understood and applied.